i. Radiometric and wavelength calibration of spectrographs and spectrometers in the optical and NIR spectral regions.
ii. Photoresponse calibration of photodiodes in the optical and NIR spectral regions.
i. Absolute fluorescence quantum efficiency determination (by integrating sphere).
ii. Variable-temperature spectroscopies of thin solid films: FTIR (30 K to 393 K), UV-Vis-NIR (30 K to 393 K), Raman (198 K to 393 K), fluorescence (30 K to 393 K), and variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometry (198 K to 393 K), in air or in nitrogen.
iii. Surface contact angle (both dynamic and static) and viscometry.